The executive power shall be vested in a President of the United States of America. He shall hold his office during the term of four years, and, together with the Vice President, chosen for the same term, be elected, as follows: Each state shall appoint, in such manner as the Legislature thereof may direct, a number of electors, equal to the whole number of Senators and Representatives to which the State may be entitled in the Congress:
Number of Individuals with Internet Access: Press freedom was a crucial factor in the formation of the American republic, and strict protections for the press were added to the United States Constitution just two years after it was ratified.
European travelers observed the appetite for newspapers among ordinary American citizens and thought it a distinctive characteristic of the early Republic.
Notably, Alexis de Tocqueville devoted large sections of his Democracy in America to his amazement at the amount of information from newspapers available to a common rural farmer. From its independence from England into the twenty-first century, the U.
Toward the end of the twentieth century, however, libel suits and libel law for private persons and corporations was less favorable to newspapers. Nonetheless, the press enjoyed broad protection that allowed aggressive reporting, including laws that sometimes mandated cooperation from public officials.
The federal government and many state governments have passed freedom of information laws that require public meetings to be open and public documents to be available to citizens, including reporters, simply for the asking.
In addition to assisting people in discovering facts, some states have passed laws which shield journalists from being compelled to divulge notes and information about sources, even when ordered to do so by a judge.
Nature of the Audience The U. The United States also enjoys an extremely high per capita income and consumes massive amounts of media in all forms—newspapers and magazines, radio and television, and film documentaries.
Though the United States has no single official language, most of the population speaks English. There is a large and quickly growing Spanish-speaking minority in the United States, concentrated most visibly in the Southwest, California, and Florida but present in all large cities and in many rural and agricultural areas.
Federal and state laws compel most government documents to be published in a variety of languages. There are many non-English-language newspapers in the United States, published in a host of languages, but their quality and distribution vary widely, and their number has declined substantially since their height in the early s.
The population of the United States grew steadily at a rate of about one percent per year from to The United States includes people who claim nearly every ethnic origin in the world. Although most Americans can claim some European descent, people of Hispanic origin are the fastest-growing minority group in the United States.
Between andthe number of people claiming Hispanic descent grew from 23 million to 32 million. Many legal and illegal Hispanic immigrants, and many citizens of Hispanic descent, speak only Spanish.
The number of African Americans in the United States grew from 29 million to 33 million in that same time period. New York City is the country's media capital and major financial center, although most of the country's movies and television programming comes from Los Angeles.
The Midwest, which includes states in the Mississippi and Ohio River basins, is mainly an agricultural and industrial area. The relatively sparsely populated Great Plains states, most of which share the Missouri River basin, produce most of the country's food.
About 80 percent of the country's population lived inside metropolitan areas inwhich comprised about 20 percent of the country's land. Numbers of Newspapers by Circulation Despite the growing population and affluence of the United States, many newspapers continue to suffer from declining or stagnant circulation.
Indaily newspaper circulation reached a low of 0. Fierce competition from cable channels, network television, radio, and the Internet continues to cut into newspapers' market share and circulation. Although advertising revenues continue to grow, their growth has generally been slow.
The boom years of the s reversed this trend to some extent, but the September 11,terrorist attacks on the United States accelerated an already-existing economic slowdown and led to major declines in ad lineage and advertising revenues across the country.
One positive result of the attacks, and the subsequent military response to the attacks by the United States, has been an increase in circulation, in both long-term subscriptions and daily single-copy sales. However, even this interest-driven increase was slowing as of the summer of The general trend of the United States press over most of the twentieth century was toward consolidation, chain or corporate ownership, and newspaper monopolies in most towns and cities.
Inonly 49 U. Of those 49 cities, 16 had two nominally competitive newspapers owned by the same company. Another 12 cities had competing newspapers published under joint operating agreements, an exemption to antitrust laws allowing two struggling newspapers to combine all operations outside their respective newsrooms.
Of those cities, five—Tucson, Los Angeles, Chicago, New York and Seattle—had more than two competing daily newspapers, leaving 16 cities with only two competing newspapers.Nov 22, · Get the latest international news and world events from Asia, Europe, the Middle East, and more.
See world news photos and videos at monstermanfilm.com The President shall be Commander in Chief for the Army and the United States. He may require the opinion in writing of the principle officer in each of the Executive Departments. He may grant.
Back to Top. How Federal Laws Are Made. The U.S. Congress is the legislative branch of the federal government and makes laws for the nation. Congress has two legislative bodies or chambers: the U.S. Senate and the U.S. House of monstermanfilm.com elected to either body can propose a new law. The President of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state and head of government of the United States of America.
The president directs the executive branch of the federal government and is the commander-in-chief of the United States Armed Forces. United States Navy ratings are general enlisted occupations used by the U.S. Navy from the 18th century, which consisted of specific skills and abilities.
Each naval rating had its own specialty badge, which is worn on the left sleeve of the uniform by each enlisted person in that particular field. Working uniforms, such as coveralls and the camouflage Naval Working Uniform, bear generic rate.
The President’s Job Description What are the formal qualifications? The Constitution says that a candidate for President must meet certain formal qualifications. The President must: be a natural born American citizen be at least 35 years old have been a resident of the United States for at least 14 years.