LinkedIn The next logical step after defining scope is to identify smaller chunks of work from the requirements. These chunks of work are called work packages. These are self-contained, measurable pieces of scope that can be cost-estimated and scheduled. Later in this post you will see that there will be control-accounts associated with work packages to get a hierarchical view of cost and schedule.
Request Demo Project Scheduling The project schedule is the tool that communicates what work needs to be performed, which resources of the organization will perform the work and the timeframes in which that work needs to be performed.
The project schedule should reflect all of the work associated with delivering the project on time.
Without a full and complete schedule, the project manager will be unable to communicate the complete effort, in terms of cost and resources, necessary to deliver the project. Online project management software allows project managers to track project schedulesresources, budgets and project related assets in real time.
The project schedule can be viewed and updated by team members associated with the project, keeping everyone well informed on the overall project status. The WBS is a hierarchical reflection of all the work in the project in terms of deliverables. In order to produce these deliverables, work must be performed.
A typical approach in developing a WBS is to start at the highest level, with the product of the project. For example, you are assigned as the project manager of a New Product Development project.
The new product you are developing is a new toy for children age's five through nine.
The objective of this product development project is to increase the revenue of the organization by ten percent.
Above is an example of a WBS for this new toy. Each level of the WBS is a level of detail created by decomposition. Decomposition is the process of breaking down the work into smaller, more manageable components. The elements at the lowest level of the WBS are called tasks.
In the example above, brochures, advertising and commercials are all work packages or tasks. Marketing collateral is on a summary level called a control account in project management parlance.
In Project Insight, project management softwarecontrol accounts are called 'summary tasks. The decomposition of a schedule will continue at varying rates. As a project manager, the level of decomposition will be dependent on the extent to which you will need to manage.
Project Insight supports as many levels of hierarchy as are needed. The expectation is that each task will have a single owner and the owner is expected to manage and report on the work necessary to deliver the task.
In Project Insight, this is called the 'task owner. Once all the deliverables of the project have been identified, tasks will be performed in order to create the deliverables. In some cases, these activities are the physical deliverables, but in other cases they are the actions that need to be performed.
A physical deliverable, for example, might be an image an actual file that is needed for the brochure. Listing out each of the tasks to be performed will result in an activity list as demonstrated below. Product Development Activity List The work package 'focus group' actually consists of three 3 separate tasks—'identify focus group targets,' 'prepare focus group objectives' and 'perform focus group.
In our example, it may have been determined that the task owner that is performing the surveys does not need to report on any of the details of that task.
As stated earlier, decomposition will continue to the level that is necessary to effectively manage the project. Prepared by Metafuse, Inc.A work breakdown structure is an essential first step in project planning. Learn more about advantages, design principles, and download templates.
The Work Breakdown Structure (WBS), defined as a technique or method of breaking out different components or pieces of a project. The Work Breakdown Structure (WBS), defined as a technique or method of breaking out different components or pieces of a project.
|Exercise files||The first word in a given WBS element usually is a verb, such as, design, develop, optimize, transfer, test, etc.|
Navigation. Work Breakdown Structure diagram, outline, and dictionary. I’ll start in the WBS diagram section of the document, and I’ll enter the key deliverables that I’ve already identified with my customer.
This will form the initial structure of our WBS. Jennifer discussed how to generate a work breakdown structure (WBS) and its purpose in helping you manage a project. She noted that the industry-standard definition of a work breakdown schedule is a “deliverable-oriented hierarchical decomposition that offers digestible tasks for team members to meet the project’s objectives and create.
Work breakdown structure (or WBS) is a hierarchical tree structure that outlines your project and breaks it down into smaller, more manageable portions. In Wrike, you can build a WBS by creating folders and subfolders, and can even go further to divide individual tasks into subtasks.
Company owners and project managers use the Work Breakdown Structure (WBS) to make complex projects more manageable. The WBS is designed to help break down a project into manageable chunks that can be effectively estimated and supervised.