It deals with the crisis of secularism in India and the Revolutionary Marxist response to this crisis. The methodology that it follows is the Marxist one. The leitmotiv of this paper is rather startling—Marx was not a secularist as one has hitherto imagined. It claims that a new theoretical problematic has to be sought in understanding the dilemma haunting secularism:
When a nation ignores the divine authority, it soon commits the excesses of fanatic nationalism, intoxicated with its own unchecked power, which have made the twentieth century terrible.
Not all religious people are conservatives; and not all conservatives are religious people. Christianity prescribes no especial form of politics. There have been famous radicals who were devout Christians—though most radicals have been nothing of the sort.
All the same, there could be no conservatism without a religious foundation, and it is conservative people, by and large, who defend religion in our time. The social influence of Christianity has been nobly conservative, … The social influence of Christianity has been nobly conservative In America, a sense of religious consecration has been joined to our political institutions from the beginning.
Almost all the signers of the Declaration of Independence and the delegates to the Constitutional Convention were religious men. Solemn presidential proclamations, since the beginning of the Republic, have invoked the might and mercy of God.
It is possible to conceive of such a contract, and to feel a debt toward our ancestors and obligations toward our posterity, only if we are filled with a sense of eternal wisdom and power.
We deal charitably and justly by our fellow men and women only because we believe that a divine will commands us to do so, and to love one another. The religious conservative is convinced that we have duties toward society, and that a just government is ruled by moral law, since we participate in our humble way in the divine nature and the divine love.
The conservative believes that the fear of God is the beginning of wisdom. The dread radical ideologies of our century, Communism and Nazism and their allies, endeavor to stamp out religion root and branch because they know that religion is always a barrier to collectivism and tyranny.
A religious person has strength and faith; and radical collectivism detests private strength and faith. Throughout Europe and Asia, the real resistance to collectivism has come from men and women who believe that there is a greater authority than the collectivistic state, and that authority is God.
A society which denies religious truth lacks faith, charity, justice and any sanction for its acts.
But an examination of the Christian creeds and the Christian tradition will not sustain such an interpretation of Christian teaching. What Christianity offers is personal redemption, not some system of economic revolution. Communism perverts the charity and love of Christianity into a fierce leveling doctrine that men must be made equal upon earth Any great religion is assailed by heresies.
In the year of the Communist Manifesto, Orestes Brownson declared that Communism is a heresy from Christianity; and he is echoed today by Arnold Toynbee and Eric Voegelin, Communism perverts the charity and love of Christianity into a fierce leveling doctrine that men must be made equal upon earth; at the same time, it denounces real equality, which is equality in the ultimate judgment of God.
And other ideologies which would convert Christianity into an instrument for oppressing one class for the benefit of another are heresies. This article was reprinted from the original Imaginative Conservativea website.As a result, the post-Marxism of Laclau and Mouffe forcefully undermines the hegemonic ideologies whereby ruling blocs depict their values and interests as natural or universal and justifies excluded but not established women’s, African American, gay, or working-class .
Secularism and Marxism. Ross Douthat. as were various other anti-clericalist ideologies. That's why my Atlantic piece argues that the rise of a politically-assertive secular demographic in.
The conservative desires to conserve human nature—that is, to keep men and women truly human, in God’s image. The dread radical ideologies of our century, Communism and Nazism and their allies, endeavor to stamp out religion root and branch because they know that religion is always a barrier to collectivism and tyranny.
٢٣٥ Tishreen University Journal for Research and Scientific Studies - Arts and Humanities Series Vol. (30) No. (2) The Marxist Approach to Ideology: Marx and Hegel. Religion and Secularism In ‘The German Ideology’ Karl Marx was critical of the ‘materialist’ Feuerbach, who did not carry his ‘materialism’ over into the realm of politics and economics.
“As far as Feuerbach is a materialist,” Marx wrote, “he does not deal with history, and as . Secularism - Secularism in India means equal treatment of all religions by the state. What is a simple way to explain secularism, Communism and whatever -isms that are related to Indian politics?
Update Cancel. ad by YieldStreet. Democratic socialism is a political ideology advocating a democratic political system alongside a socialist.