Most of us have come to take rapid technological improvement in the products and services we use for granted. But when technology has a broader impact on society and on the economy, the changes are generally much harder to accept, and there tends to be a great deal of resistance and denial.
They transcend local boundaries and touches lives of everyone. Evolution of mankind can be seen in terms of technological evolution as well. Invention of fire and wheel changed the face of mankind.
Various historical epochs - hunter-gatherers, agrarian society and industrialist society are distinguished from each other in term of technological advancement. The technological factors represent the conditions created by men that have a profound influence on his life. Technology is product of civilization.
According to Karl Marx even the formation of social relations and mental conceptions and attitudes are dependent upon technology. Veblen has regarded technology as the sole explanation of social change.
F Ogburn says technology changes society by changing our environments to which we in turn adapt. This change is usually in the material environment and the adjustment that we make with these changes often modifies customs and social institutions.
Technology has contributed to the growth of industries or to the process of industrialization. Industrialization is a term covering in general terms the growth in a society hitherto mainly agrarian of modern industry with all its circumstances and problems, economic and social.
It describes in general term the growth of a society in which a major role is played by manufacturing industry. The Industrial Revolution of 18th century led to the unprecedented growth of industries.
Industrialization is associated with the factory system of production. The family has lost its economic importance. The factories have brought down the prices of commodities, improved their quality and maximized their output. The whole process of production is mechanized.
Consequently the traditional skills have declined and good number of artisans has lost their work. Huge factories could provide employment opportunities to thousands of people.
Hence men have become workers in a very large number. The process of industrialization has affected the nature, character and the growth of economy.
It has contributed to the growth of cities or to the process of urbanization. In many countries the growth of industries has contributed to the growth of cities.
Urbanization denotes a diffusion of the influence of urban centers to a rural hinterland. Urbanization can be described as a process of becoming urban moving to cities changing from agriculture to other pursuits common to cities and corresponding change of behavior patterns.
Hence only when a large proportion of inhabitants in an area come to cities urbanization is said to occur.The Transatlantic slave trade radically impaired Africa's potential to develop economically and maintain its social and political stability.
The arrival of Europeans on the West African Coast and their establishment of slave ports in various parts of the continent triggered a continuous process of exploitation of Africa's human resources, labor, and commodities.
Determining the impact technological change has on your firm is important. Therefore, measuring technological change’s impact is necessary. Two such measures, labor productivity and total factor productivity, are based upon a comparison between the quantity of output produced and the amount of input employed.
Oct 23, · How will technology affect society in the future? October 23, November 10, by econfuture It’s reasonable to assume that as technology continues to accelerate, we can expect dramatic changes in . ITCA Medicaid Resource and Technical Assistance Paper August The Impact of the Great Society Upon The Lives of Families and Young Children.
• Changes of technology system: extensive changes in technology that impact upon several existing parts of the economy, as well as creating entirely new sectors. These are based on a combination of radical and incremental technological innovations, along with appropriate organizational innovations, along with appropriate organizational innovations.
Are You a Techno-Optimist or a Techno-Pessimist? “Reflections” is a new category of posts aimed to engage discussion about broader issues in technology and ethics.