Competence And Performance has become very core topic in linguistic study. You Must understand about it. Being a linguist student it will help you for understand the things and guide you how you observe the things linguistically.
Blog Communicative Competence Communicative Competence If a language learner is asked what they think the goal of a language course is, they would probably answer that it is to teach the grammar and vocabulary of that language. However, if they are asked what their goal is as language learners, they would most probably answer that it is to be able to communicate in that language.
Fortunately, the focus of second language teaching has moved from purely teaching grammar and vocabulary, to providing the skills for effective communication. But what do these terms mean? Communicative competence is the intuitive functional knowledge and control of the principles of language usage.
He or she acquires competence as to when to speak, when not, and as to what to talk about with whom, when, where, in what manner.
In short, a child becomes able to accomplish a repertoire of speech acts, to take part in speech events, and to evaluate their accomplishment by others.
Of course, this approach does not diminish the importance of learning the grammatical rules of a language. In fact, it is one of the four components of communicative competence: Linguistic competence is the knowledge of the language code, i. The grammar component includes the knowledge of the sounds and their pronunciation i.
Sociolinguistic competence is the knowledge of sociocultural rules of use, i. The appropriateness depends on the setting of the communication, the topic, and the relationships among the people communicating. Moreover, being appropriate depends on knowing what the taboos of the other culture are, what politeness indices are used in each case, what the politically correct term would be for something, how a specific attitude authority, friendliness, courtesy, irony etc.
Thus, discourse competence deals with organising words, phrases and sentences in order to create conversations, speeches, poetry, email messages, newspaper articles etc. Strategic competence is the ability to recognise and repair communication breakdowns before, during, or after they occur.
For instance, the speaker may not know a certain word, thus will plan to either paraphrase, or ask what that word is in the target language. During the conversation, background noise or other factors may hinder communication; thus the speaker must know how to keep the communication channel open.
If the communication was unsuccessful due to external factors such as interruptionsor due to the message being misunderstood, the speaker must know how to restore communication.
These strategies may be requests for repetition, clarification, slower speech, or the usage of gestures, taking turns in conversation etc. These four components of communicative competence should be respected in teaching a foreign language —and they usually are by modern teaching methods employed in second language teaching.
Usually most of the above are best learned if the language learner immerses into the culture of a country that speaks the target language. Aspects of the theory of syntax.COMPETENCE AND PERFORMANCE: A RESEARCH AND stemming from the communication competence literature.
The areas of language development and reading have already confronted this problem and, after many to say. some of the greatest experts in teaching are terrible teachers.
Interactional Competence in Language Learning, Teaching, and Testing • language in the abstract (competence) and the way in which that knowledge is realized in the pro duction and interpretation of actual utterances (performance).
These four components of communicative competence should be respected in teaching a foreign language —and they usually are by modern teaching methods employed in second language teaching. Usually most of the above are best learned if the language learner immerses into the culture of a country that speaks the target language.
Many modern language courses have shifted away from teaching purely grammar and vocabulary to reach that ''communicative competence'' by simulating authentic situations and bringing culture in the. dichotomy of ‘competence’ and ‘performance’, language teaching theorists have defined competence as the main goal in language learning assuming that control of underlying rules of language is the basis of language performance 1.
Key words: competence, performance, EFL, teaching, learning, types of competence. Competence and performance The terms competence and performance are said to be first coined by the prominent American linguist Noam Chomsky.