Tweet Seemingly endless numbers of statistics exist on the subject of African telecommunications.
Can aid do more harm than good? By Henri Astier BBC News website Dramatic pictures publicised Niger's plight in June When Niger's president last year accused aid agencies of exaggerating his country's food crisis for their own gain, Western media reacted with shock.
How dare he bite the hand that feeds his people, commentators asked. Many suggested the president was making excuses for the failings of his own government. But according to some leading aid experts, Mamadou Tandja had a point.
His remarks may have been self-serving, they concede, but they also raised serious issues about the way aid emergencies are sometimes handled. My concern about this is you either have an aid bonanza or you have nothing Tony Vaux "I think NGOs and rich country media do have an incentive to paint too simplistic and bleak a picture, as was the case in Niger's food crisis," Professor William Easterly of New York University told the BBC News website.
What Niger experienced in was not a sudden catastrophe, but chronic malnutrition that makes people vulnerable to rises in food prices.
Glib talk of famine backed by pictures of starving children may help NGOs raise funds, but it does nothing to address these basic problems, says Mr Easterly. Boom and bust Tony Vaux, a former official with Oxfam, agrees. Once an emergency is identified, he says, the NGOs' public relations machine takes over and "there is a terrible temptation to look around for the very worst stories".
President Tandja caused an outcry when he criticised NGOs "My concern about this is you either have an aid bonanza or you have nothing.
One problem with dramatic appeals, Mr Easterly notes, is that they do not give you a big bang for your aid buck. Getting the relief effort up and running takes time, and when the food arrives it is often too late - or the crisis has eased on its own, as appears to be the case in Niger.
Emergency aid may relieve the situation - but the same amount spent before children starved in front of the cameras would have saved many more lives.
Such poor returns were illustrated by the southern Africa "crisis". Sometimes aid agencies overplay figures in order to sustain themselves James Shikwati After rains failed the UN warned that "at least 10 million people in four southern African countries are threatened by potential famine".
Camera crews went in to film starving babies and aid flooded in. According to UN agencies and many commentators, this played a crucial in averting disaster. But others are not so sure.
Take the case of Zambia, which at the time banned aid because it worried about genetically-modified US maize. But then something strange happened: Cutting off supplies did not trigger famine.
But at the very least, it seems clear that Zambia did not need a massive food influx to avert catastrophe. Dependency The West tends not only to overstate the effectiveness of aid, but also to underestimate its harmful effects.Location of Rwanda (dark blue) – in Africa (light blue & dark grey) – in the African Union (light blue).
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Traveling to Africa can be a challenge – especially if you are a solo traveler. But the fact that you are going solo shouldn’t stop you from experiencing it as it would be highly rewarding for anyone to .
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Google has many special features to help you find exactly what you're looking for. Colonialism in 10 Minutes: The Scramble For Africa, a 10 minute clip from the documentary Uganda Rising, Mindset Media, Colonialism, in the traditional sense, ended as European countries started fighting over themselves over the world (the World Wars) and in effect, weakened themselves in the process (allowing the United States and Soviet Union to eventually gain in immense power.
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