Predicting adolescents' intentions to drink alcohol: Outcome expectancies and self-efficacy. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 56,
Military life can be a source of psychological stress for children. Multiple deployments, frequent moves and having a parent injured or die is a reality for many children in military families. Outpatient mental health visits provided to children of active duty parents doubled from one million to two million between and The research is mixed: Wives of deployed personnel experience more stress, a factor known to increase risk for medical complications of pregnancy.
Children whose at-home parents or caregivers had better self-reported mental health were better able to cope with the deployment experience during and after the deployment. Caregivers with poorer mental health reported more child-related difficulties during deployment. One of the strongest predictors of a child functioning during a war deployment was parental stress.
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Both departures to, and returns from, combat deployment cause stress in families that can lead to increased rates of child maltreatment. Prior to Octobermaltreatment rates were slightly higher among non-military families than among military families.
Rates of maltreatment in military families far outpaced the rates among non-military families after the U. Army personnel with substantiated reports of child maltreatment physical, emotional or sexual abuserates of maltreatment are greater when the soldiers are on combat-related deployments.
In fact, the rate of child maltreatment in families of enlisted Army soldiers was 42 percent higher during combat deployment than during non-deployment.
The stress on family interaction is exacerbated by pervasive rates of trauma and other mental health conditions among military personnel. Most prevalent were PTSD, depression and substance use disorder. The findings of this research suggest effects on both parenting and child and parent behaviors.
Parent-related behaviors included depression, impatience, liberal or lax disciplinary practices, and less engagement.
Problems with parent-child relationships posed significant challenges.
These studies have not included military families and the added dimension of combat-related TBI. Research shows that living on base is linked to reduced difficulties both during and after deployment. Seventeen percent reported no support.
Many children report that through family support services they had friends to talk to, and children who felt supported showed increased resiliency. A report by American Psychological Association APA estimated that approximately 40 percent of active duty licensed clinical psychologists positions are vacant.
There is also a shortage of other specialties including social work and psychiatry. The number of active duty mental health professionals dropped 20 percent in the Air Force from to ; a drop of 15 percent in the Navy for the years to ; and the Army saw an eight percent decline from to There is currently no data related to the attrition rate of community mental health providers who work with military populations.
A range of administrative hurdles further intensifies the gap in mental health services. There is currently no consistent, system-wide policy on whether the reserve component personnel and their families can receive services on active-duty installations.Over one-third of new active duty enlistees come from communities where the median household incomes are $42, or less per year (considered low-income) and almost 50 percent come from moderate-income communities with median household incomes between $42, and $65, per year.8 Among new enlistees in the reserve .
The present research investigates the patterns of associations among marital quality, mothers' parenting practices and children's behavior problems and self-esteem in mother / stepfather and. Abstract. Less than a third of married couple households in the United States are composed of families with one breadwinner.
This is a stark contrast to a mere 40 years ago when men were the primary breadwinner for the majority of households. Mar 31, · New research indicates a stall, maybe even a retreat, in the movement toward gender equality. Journal Article Husband’s disapproval of his wife’s friends predicts divorce among White couples, even after controlling for potentially confounding factors, such as income and marital quality, finds a new study (n= Black and White couples).
Datasets and Data repositories (List of lists of lists) This is a LIST of. "lists of lists". Messy presentation to pull together Raw Datasets for my hacks. Suggestions to .