See other articles in PMC that cite the published article. Abstract Background Each year, nearly 7 million hospitalized patients acquire infections while being treated for other conditions. Nurse staffing has been implicated in the spread of infection within hospitals, yet little evidence is available to explain this association. We examined urinary tract and surgical site infection, the most prevalent infections reported and those likely to be acquired on any unit within a hospital.
The nursing care is influenced by multiple work environment measures Tervo, T. Literature provides evidence that higher levels of nurse staffing are linked to improved patient outcomes Tervo, T.
Nurse absenteeism and workload: Journal of advance nursing, 60 6 To assess the impact of nurse absenteeism on the quality of patient care. Monthly data from incident reports and staffing records in six inpatient units for were analyzed.
Absenteeism alone may not be a strong factor in lowering quality, but the combination of high registered nurse absenteeism and high patient load Tervo, T. Low staffing contributes to high absenteeism Tervo, T. In summary, research has demonstrated through numerous studies that it is unsafe for nurses to have responsibilities that are demanding and unrealistic to complete.
Nevertheless, nurses continue to work under these conditions, even if it affects their health. All the articles demonstrated the effects that an unnecessary and heavy workload has on nursing care. Theoretical Framework The effect of stress in the nursing workforce is a cause for concern.
Under the humanistic nursing theory, Kleiman proposed that the importance of an individualized relationship with the patient is central to providing high quality nursing care. Paterson and Zderad point out that a nurse is aware of self and others: Nursing embraces more than a benevolent technically competent subject-object one-way relationship, but is guided by a nurse in behalf of another.
This theory is relevant to the workload a nurse has in conjunction with providing patient care. Stress is a factor a nurse faces daily when providing care for his or her patients and completing the demands of their workplace.
Limitations There are a few limitations that might affect the results of the study. One of them is the fear a nurse may have about losing their job for being honest about his or her workload on the interview.
Therefore, a nurse may be hesitant to participate. Not everyone believes that participation in a study is anonymous and may be less than honest in responding to the questions.
A potential issue with the sample population is the usage of only a group from one hospital to represent all nurses worldwide. There is no other sample population used to compare the results, or to rule out other factors involved pursuant to logistical and resource considerations.
For example, the pediatric and labor floor was excluded as a consequence of their unwillingness to participate in the study thereby bringing about a weakness in this study. There is by no means an available researcher in the evening to interview the nurses working in the night shift.
Therefore, they are not included. Thereby, causing a gap of involvement between the nurses without determining the different stress level and workload of the nurses working at night compared to the day shift.
The total number of those nurses who were approached for the research was The nurses in this case have a total of two weeks to participate in the interview questions. It is, however, important to note that the original number of those who were informed of the study was In this case, it is important to note that the study population was sourced from both part timers and full timers.
The Procedure of Data Collection In regard to the authorization of the interviews, all the relevant authorities were contacted including the management of Tenet Hospital as well as a host of other regulatory authorities. It was only after all the required permission was accessed that the collection of data proceeded.
In this case, we identified a contact person in Tenet Hospital, who was responsible for the actual distribution of the submission of the interviews see Appendix B to study participants. It is important to note that each nursing floor will have a memo posted on the bulletin board of each nursing floor with an attached consent to be signed.
The consent will be placed in a manila envelope brown in color. The researcher will come by each department every afternoon to open box and collect the signed consents.
In order to provide privacy, the researcher will be the only one with the key to open the box. The time for the completion of the interview will range from 10 to 15 minutes.Past research has demonstrated a positive link between nurse staffing levels and measures of patient outcomes and nurse retention.
In , California implemented minimum nurse-to-patient staffing requirements in acute care hospitals in an effort to improve the quality of patient care and nurse job satisfaction. McKnight, Eleanor M. The Nursing Home Research Study is concerned with the quantitative measurement of nursing service in nursing homes.
The purpose of the project was to provide data needed to establish a basis for proposing minimal staffing patterns for nursing homes. RESULTS: the initial quantitative stage of the study suggest that increases in the number of patients assigned to each nursing team lead to increased rates of bed-related falls, central line-associated bloodstream infections, nursing staff turnover, and absenteeism.
During the subsequent qualitative stage of the research, the nursing team. Past research has demonstrated a positive link between nurse staffing levels and measures of patient outcomes and nurse retention.
In , California implemented minimum nurse-to-patient staffing requirements in acute care hospitals in an effort to improve the . Staffing researchers have used a variety of measures: hours per patient day (HPPD), registered nurse hours per patient day (RN HPPD), nurse-to-bed ratios, RN full-time equivalents (FTE), perceived staffing adequacy, and number of patients cared for on the last shift.
Research sources Main findings Reference list Appendix1: Methods and results proportion of licensed nursing staff, led to reductions in costs. L. et al., Nurse staffing and education and hospital mortality in nine European countries: a retrospective observational study.
Lancet, Volume , pp. .